Table of Contents

Understanding Public Limited Companies (PLCs)

ublic Limited Companies (PLCs) are a popular business structure for large enterprises looking to raise capital from the public.

Public Limited Companies (PLCs) are a popular business structure for large enterprises looking to raise capital from the public. In India, PLCs are governed by the Companies Act, 2013, and offer numerous benefits, such as limited liability, access to capital markets, and increased credibility. This comprehensive guide, brought to you by LawChef, will help you understand the key aspects of PLCs, including their formation, advantages, and regulatory requirements. For those seeking legal assistance, you can hire lawyers online for expert advice on PLC formation and compliance.

What is a Public Limited Company (PLC)?

A Public Limited Company (PLC) is a type of business entity that allows shareholders to own shares in the company. These shares can be freely traded on the stock market, enabling the company to raise capital from the public. PLCs are subject to stringent regulatory requirements to protect the interests of shareholders and ensure transparency in operations.

Formation of a Public Limited Company

Steps to Form a PLC in India

  1. Minimum Requirements: A PLC must have at least three directors and seven shareholders. There is no maximum limit on the number of shareholders.
  2. Name Approval: Choose a unique name for the company and get it approved by the Registrar of Companies (RoC).
  3. Digital Signatures and DIN: Obtain Digital Signature Certificates (DSCs) and Director Identification Numbers (DINs) for the directors.
  4. Drafting Memorandum and Articles of Association: Prepare the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA) outlining the company’s objectives and internal regulations.
  5. Filing Incorporation Documents: File the incorporation documents, including the MoA, AoA, and required forms, with the RoC.
  6. Certificate of Incorporation: Upon verification, the RoC issues a Certificate of Incorporation, officially recognizing the company as a PLC.

Legal Consultation and Online Services

Forming a PLC involves complex legal procedures. For smooth and efficient incorporation, you can hire lawyers online in India through platforms like LawChef. Our online lawyer consultation service in Delhi provides expert guidance on the legal formalities and documentation required for PLC formation.

Advantages of a Public Limited Company

1. Access to Capital

PLCs can raise significant capital by issuing shares to the public through stock exchanges. This access to a large pool of investors is a major advantage for expanding operations and funding new projects.

2. Limited Liability

Shareholders of a PLC enjoy limited liability, meaning their personal assets are protected, and they are only liable for the amount they have invested in the company.

3. Enhanced Credibility

Being a publicly traded entity enhances the company’s credibility and reputation. It also makes it easier to attract potential investors, customers, and partners.

4. Transferability of Shares

Shares of a PLC are easily transferable, providing liquidity to shareholders and making it easier to buy and sell shares without affecting the company’s operations.

5. Perpetual Succession

A PLC enjoys perpetual succession, meaning the company’s existence is not affected by changes in ownership or the death of shareholders. This ensures continuity and stability.

Regulatory Requirements for Public Limited Companies

1. Compliance with the Companies Act, 2013

PLCs must comply with various provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, including filing annual returns, holding annual general meetings, and maintaining statutory records.

2. Corporate Governance

PLCs are required to adhere to corporate governance norms to ensure transparency and protect shareholders’ interests. This includes appointing independent directors, forming audit committees, and disclosing financial information.

3. Financial Reporting

PLCs must prepare and submit audited financial statements annually. These statements must be filed with the RoC and made available to shareholders.

4. Adherence to SEBI Regulations

PLCs listed on stock exchanges must comply with the regulations set by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). This includes periodic disclosures, insider trading regulations, and ensuring fair trading practices.

5. Regular Audits

PLCs are subject to regular audits by independent auditors to ensure accuracy in financial reporting and adherence to regulatory standards.


Public Limited Companies offer numerous benefits, making them an attractive option for large enterprises looking to raise capital and expand their operations. Understanding the formation process, advantages, and regulatory requirements is crucial for successfully managing a PLC. For expert legal assistance, consider using online lawyer consultation services in Delhi. LawChef provides comprehensive support to help you navigate the complexities of forming and managing a PLC in India. Whether you need to hire lawyers online or seek specific legal advice, we are here to assist you in achieving your business goals.


Article Tags
Article Category

Leave a Reply