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Mushroom AC Plant – Mushroom Machines

SM Biotech (Mushroom Machinery Manufacturing) is a leading company specializing in setting up mushroom air-conditioned (AC) plants..


In recent years, the demand for mushrooms has grown significantly due to their numerous health benefits and culinary versatility. As a result, the cultivation of mushrooms has become a profitable business venture. SM Biotech (Mushroom Machinery Manufacturing) is a leading company specializing in setting up mushroom air-conditioned (AC) plants.. In this article, we will explore the concept of a mushroom AC plant, its benefits, and how SM Biotech can help entrepreneurs establish successful mushroom cultivation facilities. Our Machineries are fully Automatic, Computerized as well as semiautomatic based on customer need.

  1. Understanding Mushroom AC Plants

Mushroom AC plants– are specialized facilities designed for the cultivation of mushrooms. These plants provide an optimal environment for mushroom growth by controlling factors such as temperature, humidity, air circulation, and lighting. The controlled conditions within the AC plant create an ideal ecosystem for mushrooms to thrive.

  1. Advantages of Mushroom AC Plants

Mushroom AC plants offer several advantages over traditional cultivation methods:

  • Enhanced Yield: The controlled environment ensures optimal growth conditions, resulting in higher mushroom yields.
  • Year-Round Production: AC plants allow for year-round cultivation, eliminating seasonal limitations.
  • Quality Consistency: The controlled parameters lead to consistent mushroom quality and characteristics.
  • Reduced Contamination Risk: AC plants minimize the risk of contamination by providing a sterile environment.
  • Efficient Space Utilization: The vertical farming techniques used in AC plants maximize space utilization, enabling higher production in a limited area.
  1. Designing a Mushroom AC Plant

Designing a mushroom AC plant involves careful consideration of various factors. The layout should optimize space utilization, workflow efficiency, and ease of maintenance. Additionally, the facility must comply with industry standards and safety regulations.

  1. Equipment and Infrastructure Requirements

A mushroom AC plant requires specific equipment and infrastructure, including:

  • Climate Control Systems: HVAC units, dehumidifiers, and humidifiers to regulate temperature and humidity.
  • Air Circulation and Ventilation Systems: Fans, vents, and ducting for proper air circulation and removal of stale air.
  • Lighting Systems: Artificial lighting setups, such as LED panels, to provide optimal light conditions for mushroom growth.
  • Irrigation Systems: Automated watering systems to maintain moisture levels in the growing substrate.
  • Sterilization Equipment: Autoclaves and pressure cookers for substrate sterilization to prevent contamination.
  • Monitoring and Control Systems: Sensors, controllers, and software to monitor and adjust environmental parameters.
  1. Temperature and Humidity Control

Maintaining precise temperature and humidity levels is crucial for successful mushroom cultivation. Different mushroom species have specific temperature and humidity requirements during various growth stages. AC plants use advanced climate control systems to achieve and maintain these optimal conditions.

  1. Air Circulation and Ventilation Systems

Adequate air circulation and ventilation are essential for maintaining a fresh and oxygen-rich environment within the mushroom AC plant. Proper airflow helps prevent the buildup of stale air and reduces the risk of mold or bacterial contamination.

  1. Lighting and Irrigation Systems

Mushrooms require specific light conditions for proper development. AC plants incorporate artificial lighting systems that mimic natural daylight to ensure consistent and uniform mushroom growth. Additionally, automated irrigation systems provide precise and controlled moisture levels to promote healthy mushroom formation.

  1. Substrate Preparation and Sterilization

The substrate is the material on which mushrooms grow. In a mushroom AC plant, substrate preparation involves selecting appropriate materials and sterilizing them to eliminate competing organisms. Common substrates include straw, sawdust, and various agricultural by-products.

  1. Spawn Inoculation and Incubation

Spawn inoculation is the process of introducing mushroom mycelium into the substrate. Once inoculated, the substrate is placed in an incubation chamber within the AC plant. The incubation chamber provides the necessary temperature and humidity conditions for mycelium colonization.

  1. Mushroom Cultivation and Harvesting

After the mycelium has colonized the substrate, it is transferred to a fruiting chamber. The fruiting chamber provides specific environmental conditions, such as lower temperature and increased humidity, to stimulate mushroom formation. Depending on the mushroom species, the cultivation process can take several weeks to months. Once mature, the mushrooms are harvested manually.


Mushroom AC plants revolutionize the way mushrooms are cultivated, offering enhanced yields, year-round production, and consistent quality. SM Biotech’s expertise in mushroom AC plant setup provides entrepreneurs with the necessary guidance and support to establish successful mushroom cultivation facilities. By leveraging the advantages of AC plants, aspiring mushroom cultivators can tap into the growing market demand and achieve profitability.

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